Location: Communities along the Kali River, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA (Includes Morkuka, Kaul, Kota, Atta, Jalalpur)
Solution: 1 Reverse Osmosis Filter Installed per Household, Water Independence Program
Neighboring villages to Dabal in Uttar Pradesh, India house a minimum of 50 broken handpumps per village. These villages are situated along the Kali River in Western Uttar Pradesh and industries such as paper and sugar mills dispose harmful chemical wastes into the Kali River.
Despite efforts by the government and residents to secure drinkable water through handpumps, the pollution of the groundwater increases every year. Contaminants such as cadmium, lead, and chromium are found in high concentrations in this water that residents use for their daily drinking and cooking needs. This pollution forces handpump abandonment and very little alternatives for drinking water. Exposure to this water leaves residents with health problems such as gastrointestinal diseases, neurological diseases, and cancers. Currently, households spend 20-30% of their income and loans to cover their water-related medical expenses.
With your support, we can secure reverse osmosis (RO) filters for each individual household. Household filtration centers will be installed in each household and regularly used to filter safe drinking water for consumption. These RO filters employ reverse osmosis to remove dissolved inorganic solids from the supplied water. Through pressure, the water is pushed through a semi-permeable membrane that allows water to pass through, and impurities and contaminates to be left behind. Removed impurities and contaminates are disposed after removal. These filters are perfect for removing the heavy metals and life-threatening contaminants found in the water of families living along the Kali River.
WATER INDEPENDENCE IN INDIA
Through Water Collective’s Water Independence Program, committees will be trained on the operation and maintenance of household water filters. Each committee or “Jal Samiti”, will be established to represent each quarter of a village (each quarter contains 40-47 households).
One member of every household will be in a Jal Samiti and participate in monthly meetings. Jal Samiti meetings will include training sessions on using, cleaning, and fixing household filters, and provide a venue for households to share and troubleshoot any operational issues they have with the group. During these meetings, monthly fees will also be collected from each household for the community’s maintenance fund. The maintenance fund will support replacement filters, repair fees, and any other contingencies for each Jal Samiti member.
THE IMPACT OF RO FILTERS
In 2016, we launched our first World Water Day campaign for India by raising $16,000 for filters to be distributed in Dabal. Here's the impact of those filters on the lives of Dabal residents.
Santosh, Panni, and Subhash (left), and Babli (right) proudly stand in front of their newly installed water filters in their homes. All of these families have lost atleast one family member in the past due to a waterborne disease.
They use the water from these new filters for drinking, cooking, and making tea. The results of having access to clean water are immediate; families have seen reductions in skin allergies and stomach-related ailments. Families clean their RO filter systems daily and have covered them with cloth to keep them clean. These families have also been generous enough to provide clean water to the families who are waiting in line to receive their filters.
Water sources have always been worshipped in India. Mithilesh and Shashi welcome the new filters in their home with a puja (prayer) involving diyas and tika (candles and flowers).
DATA ON WATER CRISIS IN NORTHERN INDIA
*Case study represented by Dabal, India's data